As about 500,000 households in England are allotted secondary college locations, analysis reveals that the richest youngsters dominate prime state faculties.
Evaluation of official knowledge reveals 43% of pupils at excellent secondaries are from the wealthiest 20% of households.
The research from training charity Train First additionally reveals poorer pupils are half as probably because the richest to be heading to an impressive secondary college.
Ministers stated plans for brand new grammars would create extra good college locations.
Underneath the admissions code, state faculties in England should comply with strict guidelines to make sure truthful entry to high school locations.
Train First, which fast-tracks high-flying graduates into faculties in disadvantaged areas, additionally commissioned a survey of two,000 adults on their views on getting access to good and excellent faculties.
It confirmed 9 out of 10 dad and mom felt it was essential that their baby went to a extremely rated college.
Train First stated there was little or no variation between dad and mom from completely different social teams.
About 93% stated attending their first selection college was key to their kid’s future, and almost three-quarters stated they might attraction if they didn’t get their first selection college.
The Train First analysis coincides with a separate study by the social mobility charity Sutton Belief, which suggests poorer youngsters in England are a lot much less more likely to achieve locations on the 500 comprehensives that obtain the perfect GCSE grades.
Evaluation of figures from the Nationwide Pupil Database for the charity discovered over 85% of colleges within the prime 500 took a smaller proportion of deprived pupils than lived of their rapid areas.
Within the common state college, 17% of secondary pupils had been eligible without spending a dime college meals, in contrast with 9% within the prime 500, the researchers discovered.
About half this distinction is because of these faculties having catchment areas with fewer deprived pupils, however the remainder is because of social choice.
The research additionally discovered a home value premium of about 20% close to prime comprehensives
A typical home in considered one of these catchment areas prices about £45,700 greater than the typical property in the identical native authority.
This implies pupils whose households can afford to purchase in these areas usually tend to get locations on the prime secondary faculties, pricing poorer pupils out, says the charity.
Religion faculties, which make up a 3rd of the highest 500 faculties, and admit pupils on non secular grounds from exterior their rapid neighbourhood, had been significantly socially selective.
Religion faculties within the prime 500 took 6% fewer pupils on free college meals than lived within the space nearest the varsity – in contrast with 2% fewer in non-faith faculties, the researchers discovered.
Final yr, 62,301 appeals had been lodged for main and secondary faculties (three% of whole admissions) of which 22% had been profitable.
Each units of analysis come as dad and mom throughout England obtain particulars of which secondary faculties their youngsters have been provided.
Final yr, 84% of candidates for a secondary college place had been provided their first desire college.
And about 95% acquired a proposal from considered one of their prime three desire faculties.
A Division for Schooling spokeswoman known as choice by home value “merely unfair”, including that the federal government had already set in movement plans to sort out it.
“We plan to create extra good college locations in additional elements of the nation by scrapping the ban on new grammar faculties, in addition to harnessing the experience and sources of our universities, and our unbiased and religion faculties,” stated the spokeswoman.