Indian politician Syed Shahabuddin, an influential political determine for minority Indian Muslims, has died aged 82.
The previous diplomat was identified for opposing the controversial demolition of the Babri Masjid mosque.
He served as an MP for 3 phrases between 1979 and 1996, and in addition efficiently campaigned to ban Salman Rushdie’s novel The Satanic Verses.
He died in hospital following a chronic sickness, native media stated.
Syed Shahabuddin beforehand labored as an Indian Overseas Service officer and in addition led the All India Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat – the nation’s top-level discussion board for Muslim organisations.
Mr Shahabuddin was additionally the pinnacle of the Babri Motion Committee, an organisation devoted to the preservation of a 16th Century mosque in Ayodhya.
The contested possession of the location and its eventual demolition created nationwide stress between Hindus and Muslims, resulting in the 1992 riots through which 2,000 individuals died. The location stays a flashpoint immediately.
He additionally got here to worldwide consideration for his efforts to ban The Satanic Verses, whose publication in 1988 outraged Muslims all over the world, with many arguing it was blasphemous.
Mr Shahabuddin was broadly seen as accountable for stopping the e-book from being imported into India – the primary nation to introduce such a ban.
The e-book is comprised of three tales woven collectively. One among them – essentially the most controversial – contains a prophet named Mahound, who founds a faith within the desert.
That story is impressed by an apocryphal incident within the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, referred to as the Satanic Verses.
It references verses of the Koran which the Prophet Muhammad later retracted as incorrect – and blamed on the prompting of Devil.
The difficulty is a controversial one for students and non secular academics.
Following the controversy over Rushdie’s novel, Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran issued a fatwa ordering Muslims to kill the writer.
The e-book continues to be banned in India.